The Stimulus Map: Open Data and enhancing our democracy

The subject of the distribution of stimulus monies has been generating a fair amount of interest. Indeed, the Globe published this piece and the Halifax Chronicle-Herald published this piece analyzing the spending. But something more interesting is also happening…

Yesterday, my friend Ducky Sherwood and her husband Jim published their own analysis, an important development for two reasons.

First, their analysis is just plain interesting… they’ve got an excellent breakdown of who is receiving what (Ontario is a big winner in absolute and per capita terms, Quebec is the big loser). Moreover, they’ve made the discussion fun and engaging by creating this map. It shows you every stimulus project in the country and where you click it will highlight nearby projects. The map also displays and colour-codes every riding in the country by party (blue for Conservatives, magenta for everyone else) and the colour’s strength correlates to the quantity of monies received.

Stimulus Map

Second, and more interesting for me, is how their analysis hints at the enormous possibilities of what citizens can do when Government’s share their data and information about programs with the public in useful formats. (You can get spreadsheets of the data and for those more technically-minded the API can be found here). This is an example of the Long Tail of Public Policy Analysis in action.

This could have a dramatic impact on public discourse. Open data shifts the locus of power in the debate. Previously, simply getting the data was of value since your analysis would likely only compete, at best, with one or two other peoples (usually a news organization, or maybe a professor). But when anyone can access the information the value shifts. Simply doing an analysis is no longer interesting (since anyone can do it). Now the quality, relevance, ideological slant, assumptions, etc… of the analysis are of paramount value. This has serious implications – implications I believe bode well for debate and democracy in this country. Indeed, I hope more people will play with the stimulus data (like these guys have) and that a more rigorous debate about both where it is being spent and how it is being spent will ensue. (Needless to say, I believe that spending money on auto bailouts and building roads does little to promote recovery – the real opportunity would have been in seeding the country with more data to power the businesses of tomorrow).

There are, however, limits to Ducky’s analysis that are no fault of her own. While she can crunch the numbers and create a great map she is… ultimately… limited to the information that government gives her (and all of us). For example the data set she uses is fairly vague about the value of projects: the government labels them “under $100K” or “between $100K and $1M.” These are hardly precise figures.

Nor does the data say anything about the quality of these projects or their impact. Of course, this is what the debate should be about. Where, how effectively, and to what end is our money being spent? Ducky’s analysis allows us to get to these questions more quickly. The point here is that by opening up this stimulus money to popular analysis we can have a debate about effectiveness.

I don’t, for a second, believe that this will be an easy debate – one in which a “right” answer will magically emerge out of the “data.” Quite the opposite, as I pointed out above the debate will now shift to the economic, ideological and other assumptions that inform each opinion.  This could in fact create a less clear picture – but it will also be a picture that is more reflective of the diversity of opinions found in our country and that can scarcely be represented in the two national newspapers. And this is what is most important. Open data allows for a greater debate, one that more citizens can contribute and be a part of rather than just passively observe from their newspapers and TV screens. That is the real opportunity of open data is not that it enables a perfect discussion, but a wider, more democratic and thus, as far as I’m concerned, a better one.

(An additional note, while it is great that the government has created an API to share this data, let us not get too excited; it is very limited in what it tells us. More data, shared openly would be better still. Don’t expect this anytime soon. Yesterday the Government dropped 4,476 pages off at the Parliamentary Budget Office rather than send them a electronic spreadsheet (h/t Tim Wilson). Clearly they don’t want the PBO to be able to crunch the numbers on the stimulus package – which means they probably don’t want you to either.)

11 thoughts on “The Stimulus Map: Open Data and enhancing our democracy

  1. Paper Boy

    Beautiful map but one small correction: You cite the “Ottawa Chronicle-Herald” but the Herald is actually a Halifax paper; their Ottawa reporter wrote the story.

    Reply
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  4. David Eaves

    Paper Boy -thank you for citing that error I've fixed it now. Always very grateful when people point these out… very helpful. (Indeed, I'm intending to write a post in the near future about the readers who use goose grade/copy edit feature on my blog – I'm deeply grateful to them)Cheers,dave

    Reply
  5. David Eaves

    David – I'm afraid I don't, especially when it comes to data. The closest thing that comes to mind is MP voting records – I'm not sure if there are any, would be interested to hear if any one knows of any.

    Reply
  6. trevor123

    Maybe I'm naive, but I don't assume the government is hiding information in this case. As far as I know, the federal government doesn't have a centralized database for tracking infrastructure or other projects (unlike the US where recovery.gov can be populated from existing, real time databases (which also seem to use the range rather than point value for projects)). It's possible the civil service is providing as much information as it is able to. I also don't see a systematic bias toward a particular party in this data – I see a few ridings (e.g. Kenora and Northern BC) that have a lot of projects and one province that hasn't partnered with the federal government (Quebec). That said, I have no real idea why anyone would send the PBO only the printed spreadsheet rather than the excel file (unless it's full of civil servants' snide, exasperated and profane comments).

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